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Melaka's history began in 1403 with the arrival of Parameswara, an exiled Hindu Prince from the Kingdom of Sri Vijaya in Sumatra.
He assumed the title of Raja Iskandar when he embraced Islam and became the first ruler of this new kingdom which marked the early beginnings of the Sultanate of Melaka.
In time, Melaka gained prominence as a vibrant maritime trading centre and was coveted by several foreign powers.
The Portugese led by Alfonso'd Albuquerque conquered Melaka in 1511 and colonized it for 130 years. The Dutch then came in 1641 and ruled for 154 years. They were followed by the British in 1786 who ruled until the country gained its independence.